Protection of Cultural Landmarks

Over the past two centuries the image of Bashkortostan capital has changed dramatically. The heart of the city, though, still beats in its "old" center. Historical events and people’s lives intertwine in the narrow streets and squares behind the high "concrete jungle."

Ufa is a bright example of style deflection: it is here that the rare works of ancient architects and stone masons still exist. Today our modern megapolis features truly beautiful pearls: merchant and nobility houses, monasteries, shops and even the first private publishing house!

Ufa did not put on its stone apparel until 1830-40s, when the layout by William Heste made the streets of the city run away from the Guest Court. For a half of a century the city with a host of typical buildings represented a unique architectural and style integrity: the classicism of the age of Emperor Nicholas.

Even now in early 21st century scientists and archeologists continue discovering things. The famous ancient settlement Ufa-II was found in the old part of the city during the routine utility works. This site of Republican significance is currently under state protection.

The latest list of Ufa cultural landmarks contains more than 800 items, including 693 buildings. The best part of them requires state examination in order to be duly included into the register.

History proves that protection of historical and cultural landmarks is a serious social problem. It must be one of the major necessities of the Russian society.

Rustem Khamitov, the President of the Bashkortostan Republic:
"…We shape the cultural and living environment of our cities and villages in terms of our capabilities and resources. Later, though, the environment shapes us, too. If the environment decays and dilapidates for decades, it has a negative impact upon people, first of all young people… We must employ modern technologies, bold and ingenious solutions to make a model of the integral image of the urban area. All these tasks of developing the cultural environment must be considered to be a vital part of state investment into the human development…
With the aim of saving its cultural potential and heritage and in order to effectively use it, the Republic of Bashkortostan takes part in the Federal Target Program "Russian Culture" (2012-2018)."

Besides, there are a number of regulatory legal acts, which define the powers and activities aimed at protecting the cultural heritage. The major ones include:

  1. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No.590 dd. July 20, 2011 "On the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation";
  2. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No.83 dd. March 12, 2013 "On Approving the Regulation on the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation";
  3. Federal Law of the Russian Federation No.73-ФЗ dd. June 25, 2002 "On the Objects of Cultural Heritage (Historical and Architectural Landmarks) of the Russian Federation Peoples";
  4. Law of the Republic of Bashkortostan No.224-з dd. November 7, 2005 "On the Objects of Cultural Heritage (Historical and Architectural Landmarks) of the Republic of Bashkortostan Peoples";
  5. Order of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation No.954 dd. October 3, 2011 "On Approving the Regulation on the Uniform State Register of the Objects of Cultural Heritage (Historical and Architectural Landmarks) of the Russian Federation Peoples"
  6. Law of the Republic of Bashkortostan No.ВС-18/19 dd. July 13, 1993 "On Culture";
  7. Decree of the Ufa City Municipal District Administration of Bashkortostan Republic No.7090 dd. December 5, 2011 "On Drafting a Municipal Program of Preserving and Promoting Objects of Cultural and Natural Heritage of the Ufa City Municipal District of Bashkortostan Republic";
  8. Order of the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bashkortostan No.527 dd. December 27, 2011 "On the Order of Installing Information Signs on the Objects of Cultural Heritage of Republican Significance"
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