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The Ponosovs' Mansion

The Ponosovs' Mansion

Nowadays:

Dwelling house

In the middle of the 19th century the quarters near the Belaya River and Orenburg crossing became a center of wholesale trade of grain. It was due to vicinity of the river and convenient access to warehouses on the bank near Nizhne-Torgovaya Square. Ponosov, Luzinov, Pastukhov, and Yudayev traded grain on Bolshaya Kazanskaya Street. A quotation from the 1883 address calendar, which was compiled after the 1879 census, said as follows: "1st guild merchant from Perm Vasily Ponosov is accepting...
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  • How to visit?
      Address:
      67/1 Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya Street
      Public Transport Stop:
      Vorovskogo, Zavod gornogo oborudovaniya
  • History

      In the middle of the 19th century the quarters near the Belaya River and Orenburg crossing became a center of wholesale trade of grain. It was due to vicinity of the river and convenient access to warehouses on the bank near Nizhne-Torgovaya Square. Ponosov, Luzinov, Pastukhov, and Yudayev traded grain on Bolshaya Kazanskaya Street. A quotation from the 1883 address calendar, which was compiled after the 1879 census, said as follows: "1st guild merchant from Perm Vasily Ponosov is accepting oats, buckwheat, rye, wheat, rye flour, and buckwheat groats in his house on Bolshaya Kazanskaya Street". The same section of the calendar mentions Ponosov as one of the seven merchants living in the 1st district of Ufa and having "considerable trade turnover". The picture of 1867 does not show this house, which means that it was not constructed until the 1870s. The house is wooden, but it looks like a stone one due to plaster. The house is decorated with unique window frames of the second floor and wooden pilasters featuring a great number of ornamental sun-like decorations (around sixty). Molded decorations of the first floor, primarily window frames, also remained intact. Unknown architect found a way to elegantly include the initial letter of the owner's surname into the upper part of the window frame. The estate also had a one- storey back wing featuring Classicism-like brick style. Recently they discovered its arched basement, which was obviously used as grain storage.

      In 1894 hereditary honorary citizen, merchant and a large landowner Vasily Ponosov married the daughter of his housekeeper, a descendant of impoverished nobility. It is still unknown why a 54-year old man married (andaccording to the register of Trinity church where the wedding took place it was his first marriage) Yelena Slovokhotova, a fortuneless young graduate of Mariinsky gymnasium. The Ponosovs had two sons: Vasily (1896) and Vladimir (1899). Soon Ponosov died. There were rumors that his wife “helped” him to die. Indirect proof to this fact consisted in that Ponosov was buried only 10 days after: obviously, they were trying to find out the cause of death.

      Nevertheless, soon Yelena Ponosova, 27, inherited Ponosov's fortune. In the course of time four of her six land holdings were sold. Till the revolution Yelena Ponosova owned her Dyoma estate not far from Alkino railway station. She liked to spend her summers with children in this estate. Only Dyoma estate had horse herds, because Yelena Ponosova owned a kumis (mare's milk) medical center. In the Soviet era it was transformed into a sanatorium for children. All the arable and grass lands were leased out to local peasants. The descendants of these peasants still remember who owned the lands.

      The legend says that Solon Mollo, the second husband of Yelena Ponosova, made her an impressive wedding present: the best stone mansion in the city on 4 Alexandrovskaya Street. Though, actually, it was she who bought it by installment from merchant Semyon Manayev. The mansion was purchased in her name. The deal was made in 1908-1909 when she was married to Mollo and had four children.

      Her sons had different fates. Boris Mollo served in the White army and was killed under Topornino on December 27, 1918. After the evacuation of Vrangel's army, where he served, Vasily Ponosov spent several years in Orel prison. During the repressions of December 1937 he was shot. Before going to Vladivostok and then to Harbin Vladimir was a Junker and participated in the retreat of Kolchak's army from the Volga to Lake Baikal. He was awarded a first class order "For the Great Siberian March". Vladimir Ponosov became a famous anthropologist. From 1922 to 1961 he lived in Harbin. Then he went to Australia, the city of Brisbane, where he worked in a museum. Vladimir died in January 1975. Yevgeny Mollo managed to leave Russia. He lived in London and made a unique collection of Russian military items. Connoisseurs called it a "most unique personal collection in the world". Yevgeny was in correspondence with the elder brother Vasily. From London where he lived he sent parcels with butter, coffee, chocolate and money to Ufa.

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