In 1708 Peter I introduced the position of a Governor as a head of administrative, judicial and military power of the Governorate (Guberniya). The instruction of April 21, 1764 characterized the Governor as the head and lord of the Governorate. The position was also termed the Head of the Governorate.
Until 1782 Ufa was under the jurisdiction of Kazan Governors. When the vicegerencies were introduced as new administrative units, Lieutenant General Ivan Yakobi was appointed to the position; later the title of Ufa Governor-General appeared. The appointment of the Vicegerent required new houses for the Vicegerent and Governor. The Republican Government Building is currently located at the former site of Vicegerent's house. The Governor's house was erected at the Troitskaya Square near the old Smolensky Cathedral, i.e. at the current site of the Friendship Monument. The first Governor's house was made of wood, and it burnt down in 1789.
In 1796 "upon the order of the Emperor Paul I" the governorship was moved to Orenburg. Nevertheless, soon the status of governor city was given back to Ufa: in 1802 civil governor moved from Orenburg to Ufa. Military governor stayed in Orenburg until 1865.
Little is known about other Governor's houses. It is known that on May 12, 1816 the "… old vice-governor house" burnt down in fire. Valentin Novikov wrote in his book "The Collection of Materials of the Ufa Nobility History" that during his stay in Ufa Emperor Alexander I, visited the Smolensky Cathedral and the house of Governor Nelidov.
At the beginning of the 19th century the house at the intersection of Sovetskaya and Tukayeva Streets (former Gubernatorskaya and Voskresenskaya Streets) belonged to a certain Ms. Zhukovskaya. The building was designed by architect Gopius, obviously, in accordance with the classic examples of A. Zakharov or W. Heste. The project featured traditional forms of classicism: the central portico with Ionic order columns. The plan of the house is more likely to be the one of a residential house: the second floor featured a drawing room, study and a hall, the bedroom was located in the entresol. Kitchen, laundry and the back regions of the house were located in the basement, which shifts into the ground floor in its eastern part due to the land configuration.
For a long time the building had no roof. In 1859 it was purchased by the treasury and in a couple of years it was finished. Grigory Aksakov, son of the famous writer and the first civil Governor of Orenburg Governorate (from May 1865 the head of the newly formed Ufa Governorate) was the first "owner" of the house. Since the city lacked a theater building, the Governor's house featured a stage with decorations, boxes and even green rooms.
The reference books of the early 20th century mention that apart from the flat and office the building was also occupied by a range of committees and societies, specifically the trusteeship of orphan asylums, the statistic and Aksakov committees. The life of the Governor's house followed the manner of the capital: "breakfasts in dining-room, evening parties by the fireside, theater plays in the hall". In 1904 the first post office boxes were installed in the city, box No.1 was installed near the Governor's house.
Unfortunately, during the reconstruction of the 1990-s many interior details and front staircase were lost, the architectural planning was distorted, columns of the façade portico were deprived of their Ionic orders.
After the February revolution of 1917 the building was occupied by the Ufa Soviet of Workers' Delegates. On May 1, 1918 Gubernatorskaya Street was renamed into Sovetskaya Street, whereas the house was renamed into the House of Soviets. Already by the mid 1920-s, though, the building was occupied by medical institutions, later by the general dispensary, emergency station and polyclinic. Now the building is occupied by the Ministry of Healthcare of the Republic of Bashkortostan.